Executive Summary

In 2020, a group of states proposed creating a United Nations (UN) programme of action (PoA) on state behaviour in cyberspace.

This research paper considers the proposal to establish a PoA on state behaviour in cyberspace, with a focus on the formation, architecture, and technical aspects of a possible cyber PoA. It seeks to respond to questions about the specific operational needs of a PoA; about what such a mechanism would look like, how it would operate, and interact with stakeholders and other relevant processes; and how it would build on the existing framework for responsible state behaviour in cyber space developed in the context of the UN.